Grapevines produce ornamental value, as well as tasty fruits, in many home gardens and landscapes. Individual gardeners enjoy growing grapes for use in canning and freezing, as well as eating straight from the vine. Some small vineyard owners grow grapes to ferment into wine. Successful grape production requires patience, as these vines take many years to mature and produce fruit. Provide adequate care for your growing vines to ensure healthy fruit production.
Examine your yard to determine the best area for planting your grapevines. Choose a spot that receives full sunlight and warm temperatures. Avoid planting grapes near the bottom of hills or along valleys. These areas hold in cold, moist air. Select an area with a southern exposure and adequate protection from strong winds.
Prepare the soil for your grape vineyard. Grapes require deep, well-drained soils. Add some compost to heavy soils to increase the porosity. Loosen the top few inches of the soil with a garden shovel.
Dig holes for your grape cultivars. Allow 6 to 8 feet between each hole. Make your holes large enough to allow plenty of room for the roots to spread out. Make your holes the same depth as the root ball to allow final placement level with the surface of the surrounding soil. Avoid setting your grapevines in depressions that retain water.
Trim broken roots and very long sections of roots before setting in the prepared holes. Use pruning shears to cut off all but the sturdiest cane on each plant. Set the roots in the prepared holes and cover with back fill. Firmly press down on the soil above the roots to remove air pockets. Soak the roots after planting.
Place 6-foot tall garden stakes near the base of each plant to provide support. Tie wire between the stakes to form a sparse lattice. Tie the first wire around the base of the first stake, about 3 feet above the surface of the soil. Run the wire to the next post and tie at the same level, continuing down the row of grape vines. Attach the second wire to the first post at a level about 5 feet above the ground. Run this wire between each of the other posts, keeping it the same distance off the ground.
Attach your grapevines to your garden stakes after the first year of growth. Use strong twine to tie the main stems to the upright stakes. Train side branches to travel along the horizontal wires between each post. Attach these side branches with twine and wrap young tendrils around the wires to encourage directional growth.