Propagate new plants with a leaf or leaf cuttings with little effort. Some plants are more successfully rooted from cuttings than others. Varieties like spider plants (Chlorophytum) require little more than placing a cut plantlet in plain water until roots sprout. Others need to be rooted in a growing medium for the best chance of successful transplant. Propagating plants from cuttings is an easy way to increase the number of plants in your garden or home.
Grow piggyback plant (Tolmiea menziesii) for its fuzzy, heart-shaped leaves. Each leaf of the piggyback plant bears a plantlet borne from its leaf axil. To propagate piggyback plant, remove all of the stem from a healthy leaf. Roll the leaf up, from side to side, and shape into a funnel. Plant the base of the leaf one-third of the way into the media and cover with clear plastic wrap to increase humidity levels to the developing plant. After roots develop, transfer piggyback plant to a light soil mixture. Piggyback plants prefer medium sunlight and moist soil. Fertilize piggyback plant month with half doses of commercial liquid fertilizer formulated for house plants.
Begonia species are known for their foliage and flowers. Rex begonia stems are easily rooted. Remove a leaf from a rex begonia plant make small cuts on several large veins on the underside of the leaf. Place the leaf with the cut side down, on top of the growing media and secure the edges with media if necessary. Another option to root cuttings of rex begonia is placing cut leaf segments containing a severed main vein into growing media. Cover the container with cuttings with clear plastic or bag. After roots develop, transfer to well-drained, but moist, soil and provide indirect light. Provide begonias monthly with half doses of commercial liquid fertilizer.
African violets (Saintpaulia hybrids) are a charming group of small house plants. African violets have thick, fuzzy, overlapping leaves and clusters of bright or pastel colored flowers that bloom year round. Propagate African violets easily by stem or leaf cuttings. Remove a leaf and up to 1-1/2 inches of the stem, and insert the lower portion of the stem into the growing medium. African violets perform well in pot-bound conditions. Provide the newly rooted cuttings with a small, 4-inch pot with moist, but not wet, soil and give it indirect sunlight. African violets prefer high humidity environments. Fertilize African violets monthly with half doses of commercial liquid fertilizer.