A landscaping project with a low budget can be a challenge. Looking around a barren backyard with a nearly empty bank account is discouraging. Most plants come with a hefty price tag. There are ways to get going on the landscaping without emptying your wallet.
Many plants can be started from cuttings. Grow the cuttings in pots and then transplant to the garden in a few months. The best time for stem cuttings is spring, when the first flush of growth has started. Start at least 50 percent more cuttings than you think you'll need. To save even more, use your own plants, neighbor's--with permission, of course--and family's.
Research which plants grow well in your area and are easily propagated from stem cuttings. Buy one or two plants from the nursery and use them as stock for the cuttings. Those two plants could turn into 20 or more.
Perennials are plants that grow all season long, die back and then reappear the next season. Most perennials need to be divided every few years. Look around in your yard for plants that can be divided.
Smaller plants have less of a probability of going into shock when transferred from the nursery container to the landscape. They are also significantly cheaper than larger plants. A 1-gallon bush costs less than 1/3 of a 5-gallon bush. A six pack of flowers costs about twice as much as a 1-pint container, so you would get three times the number of flowers for the same price. In a few weeks both the six pack flowers and the 1-pint flower will be about the same size. Trees in containers are cheaper than boxed trees. The require smaller holes and won't require a crane to lift the tree into the hole.
If you have a large area to landscape, use seeds sold by the ounce to fill in big spaces. Plant that area with a meadow flower mixture. You'll have lovely flowers for just a few dollars and can plant a bigger border as funds allow. An added bonus to seeds is that there's a lot more variety in seeds than there are plants from the nursery. Hybrid plants don't also reproduce true to the parent plants. Choose heirloom varieties.
Some plants have a propensity to spread and fill in an area. Creeping thyme is one example. Or, plant one daylily and in a few years you'll have an entire bed filled with daylilies.