Muscadine grapes are native to North America and are one of the hardiest varieties of grapes, as well as very resistant to disease and root rot. During the past 200 years, they have been hybridized into varieties that range from wine to seedless. Consult your local plant nursery to see which muscadine grape variety grows best in your area before planting.
Pick your muscadine grape variety depending on what you want to do with it, such as make jams, create wine, eat fresh grapes or sell them. Keep in mind that the winter season is the preferred time to plant the grapes. Prepare your soil to accommodate the grapes, as they prefer sandy loam.
Dig a hole with the shovel about 3 feet deep and 2 feet in diameter. Fill the hole half full with a mixture of the soil you removed from the hole and good-quality potting soil.
Remove the wrapping from the root ball and place the grape vine into the hole. Fill the rest of the hole up with the mixture of potting soil and the removed soil. Rake it around the base of the grape vine to distribute it evenly, and stamp it down to make it compact. You want the root ball covered but not any part of the muscadine vine trunk.
Soak the soil area around the grape vine's base once you have completed planting. You want to make sure the water soaks all the way down through the root ball.
Water sparingly over the next couple weeks. If your climate does not have a lot of rain, water once to twice a week.
Train the small vines that begin to grow in the spring season on a trellis. Do this by guiding the vines outward and upward onto the trellis. Use plant ties to loosely secure the vines to the trellis by looping the ties through the trellis holes and around the vine. Continue to do this to train the vines. As vines grow longer, add another plant tie toward the end of it. Eventually the vines will latch onto the trellis themselves, which means they are trained. During this time, continue to water your muscadine grapes so that the water is regularly moist but not soaked.
Prune back any dead, diseased or broken vines when you notice them, during any season. In fall of the first year, pinch back the top of the grape vine's trunk to encourage future growth and strength.