Bermuda grasses can be started by several different methods, including sod, plug and sprig planting; or, if you really want to exercise your green thumb, the common varieties of Bermuda grasses, which is the type most often sold at gardening and home improvement stores in the U.S., can be sowed directly from seed. Though Bermuda grass requires a warm climate for germination, planting the right seed at the right time of year can provide the necessary environment for growth no matter where you live.
Use unhulled seed if you choose to begin sowing your Bermuda grass in late fall or winter. Unhulled seed takes weeks to break through the hull, giving it a longer germination time, which leaves it protected during the cold winter months.
Choose hulled seed if you begin sowing your Bermuda grass in the spring or summer months. Hulled seed germinates more rapidly, meaning a late spring or early summer planting can have Bermuda grass growing on your lawn that very summer.
Till the soil with fertilizer down to 4 inches below the surface of the soil. The horticulture departments of both the University of Florida and Texas A&M recommend nitrogen fertilizer. The rate at which fertilizer should be used depends upon the fertilizer. Follow the instructions in the fertilizer packaging for the best results.
Spread unhulled or hulled Bermuda grass seed at a rate of 1 to 2 pounds for every 1,000 square feet of soil. Rake the entire seeded area to make sure the seed it spread as evenly as possible.
Keep the seed watered throughout the growing season. This could require more than one watering per day in warmer weather. Use 3/4 inch to 1 inch of water per watering, per the University of Central Florida.
Begin mowing the grass as soon as it grows tall enough to appear unruly. It is safe to mow as soon as it has breached the surface of the soil and grows rapidly during the warm months, so is likely to need its first trim within four to six weeks.