Grapevines are deciduous vines grown for both their ornamental value and their fruit. There are two the basic types: American varieties, which can survive below 0 degrees F. and are usually used in making jellies and juice, and European varieties, which include the Thompson seedless grape and the varieties that are used in producing wine. The hybrids are a cross between European and American varieties.
Work over the soil in the planting area thoroughly. Use a rototiller, shovel or a garden fork and make sure you dig down to about 12 to 14 inches.
Incorporate into the soil a 3-to-4-inch layer or well-aged manure, compost or sawdust.
Remove any wrapping or covering from the roots of the bare-root grape vines. If the root systems appear dried ou,t place each of the bare-root grape vines into a bucket that contains enough water to cover the root system. Let the vines soak for about 30 minutes.
Dig planting holes that are as wide and as deep as the root system of the bare-root grape vines. Dig the planting holes between 6 and 8 feet apart. Remove the bare-root grape vines from the bucket of water. Trim off any excessively long roots, or any that are broken.
Place a bare-root grape vine into one of the planting holes. Carefully spread out its roots. Then scoop in enough soil until the planting hole is about 2/3 full. Firm the soil down around the grape vine. Scoop in more soil until the planting hole is full.
Press down the soil around each grape vines, to eliminate any air pockets that might have been created during planting. Create a 2-to-3-inch-high dam of dirt around each grape vine 18 to 20 inches in diameter. Slowly fill up the dam with water to soak the grape vines thoroughly.
Fertilize grape vines starting the second week after planting. Spread approximately 8 ounces of 10-10-10 (or similar fertilizer) 6 to 12 inches away from the trunk of each vine. Make sure you water throughly after fertilizing to saturate the soil.