Considered an important food staple in many countries, wheat provides grain for humans and animals. Although large farms produce the majority of wheat and other grain crops in America, many home gardeners like producing grain crops in small plots. Due to the growing interest in nutritional uses for young wheatgrass and sprouts, many individuals plant wheat seeds to produce their own health products. Plant your wheat in the spring to enjoy a summer harvest.
Test your existing soil before planting a wheat crop. Purchase a basic soil test kit from your farm supplier or gardening center. Collect a sample of soil from your planting site and send off your soil test to the address included on the package instructions. Purchase any recommended nutrients listed on the results of your soil test.
Plow the soil in your selected site in the fall, before the first snow of the winter. If you don't own a plow, rent one from your local rental center to attach to your garden tractor. Loosen the soil over the entire planting site with your plow. Remove any large roots or pieces of vegetation remaining on the soil after plowing.
Allow the plowed soil to rest over the winter months. Avoid excessive foot traffic and automobile traffic on your plowed soil before spring to eliminate hard, packed ground.
Till your soil in the spring as soon as the ground begins to thaw. Incorporate any soil amendments recommended by your previous soil test. Follow all instructions on your soil test results to apply the correct amount of nutrients. Attach a tiller to your garden tractor and make furrows in the soil by driving straight from one end of your site to the opposite end. Make the next set of furrows by driving back down the row while overlapping the last furrow with the edge of your tiller attachment. This technique creates long, even rows for planting your wheat.
Plant your wheat seeds into the prepared furrows by placing individual seeds into the furrows by hand. Schedule your planting on a dry spring day. Avoid soil compaction by allowing wet soil to dry before planting your wheat seeds. Place wheat seeds close together in rows, allowing a little less than a couple of inches between seeds.
Rake over the planted furrows to bury your wheat seeds. Firm the surface of your rows with a seed roller, or apply light pressure by gently tapping the soil with your foot. Avoid walking directly on top of the new seeds. Water your new seeds immediately after planting them in the soil. Allow the spring rains to provide necessary water. Supplement with hose water only when wheat grass appears dry or begins to yellow.