Ficus trees are popular, easy-care houseplants valued for their attractive, glossy foliage, durability and undemanding nature. Although numerous types of ficus trees exist, all have similar care requirements and thrive in containers for indoor growing. Potted ficus trees make excellent houseplants for individuals who don't have much time to fuss over their plants. Native to areas of India and Asia, ficus trees require warm temperatures to reach their full potential. As long as they're provided with the correct environmental conditions, they'll live for years with only minimal care.
Keep ficus trees in a location that receives bright sunlight throughout the day, such as an east- or west-facing window. Maintain a temperature of 50 to 80 degrees F at all times for optimal growth.
Use a spray bottle to mist ficus trees one to two times per week. Fill the spray bottle with tepid water to minimize shock to the plant. Apply during the early morning so excess moisture can evaporate before evening.
Water ficus trees once every five to seven days, allowing the soil to dry slightly between applications. Soak the soil until water begins to exit the drainage holes on the bottom of the pot, and then drain away any excess water. Decrease the frequency of watering to once every 10 days during winter.
Feed trees once every two to four weeks during spring, summer and fall using a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. Reduce fertilizing frequency to once per month during winter, when the plant is dormant, using fertilizer diluted to half the recommended strength.
Repot ficus trees once every one to two years to supply a fresh soil mix and additional room for root growth. Use a growing medium made of one part peat moss, one part perlite and one part coarse sand for the best results. Increase the size of the container by about 3 to 4 inches at each repotting.