Agaves Plant Care


The agave (Agavaceae) is commonly called the "century plant." The family includes around 200 species of perennial plants that form a rosette shape. They are a succulent that harbors water in their fleshy root system. Most varieties of the agave have sharp spines, but a few have soft leaves. The agave can flourish in a wide range of weather conditions, and many varieties can even withstand cold temperatures. The plants do not require a great deal of water to thrive, which makes them ideal in any garden setting. The agave can be grown in a garden or containers with ease.

Step 1

Plant the agave in a soil mixture that is equal parts coarse sand, perlite, and peat if grown in a container. If the agave is to be grown outside, place 25 percent sand with 25 percent peat moss and mix into the garden soil.

Step 2

Choose a location that offers full sun. If the plant is being grown inside, place it in a south-facing window or under a skylight. The agave adores full sunlight.

Step 3

Water the agave when the plant is completely dried out. It does not like wet roots and will not thrive if the soil does not have optimal drainage.

Step 4

Maintain a nighttime temperature above 55 degrees F if growing the agave indoors. The agave enjoys a daytime temperature between 65 to 70 to grow. The plant can easily withstand triple-digit temperatures, but during hot or cold stretches the agave will cease to grow.

Step 5

Fertilize the agave every month in the spring and summer using a 20-20-20 fertilizer. Water the fertilizer into the soil completely.

Step 6

Apply a fungicide in the early spring to prevent crown rot, which is a fungus known as phytophthora that can easily afflict the agave. The fungicide can be purchased under numerous brands at a local garden center. Apply according to the directions on the label.

Things You'll Need

  • Fungicide for phytophthora
  • Perlite
  • Peat moss
  • Course sand
  • 20-20-20 fertilizer
  • Wire cages


  • University of Florida IFAS: Agave
  • Desert Botanical Garden: Care of the Agave Plant
  • University of Arizona: Agave Americana

Who Can Help

  • University of Texas: Agaves
Keywords: agave care, growing agave, indoor care agave, agave care garden

About this Author

Kimberly Sharpe is a freelance writer with a diverse background. She has worked as a Web writer for the past four years. She writes extensively for Associated Content where she is both a featured home improvement contributor (with special emphasis on gardening) and a parenting contributor. She also writes for Helium. She has worked professionally in the animal care and gardening fields.