Planning is the most important step in the establishment of a nice-looking lawn. Landscape design, terrain adjustments and soil preparation prior to actual seeding of the lawn will ensure that the lawn is healthy, looks good and is easy to maintain. Once you do the prep work, the new lawn area is ready for seed, and you will enjoy the results of your labor within a few short weeks.
Choosing the Right Lawn Seed
The type of grass seed planted in the new lawn depends on how the area will be used. Choose a durable grass seed if the lawn will be used as a play area, while a finer grass will be a more attractive option to set off the beauty of a formal garden. A mix of grass seeds is the preferred choice for most new lawns. If one type of grass does not grow, the other types will cover the area, leaving no bare spots. Climate also plays an important role in choosing the grass seed for the new lawn. Kentucky bluegrass, tall fescue, and perennial ryegrass are cool-season grasses that grow best in the spring and fall, while zoysia, Bermuda grass and St. Augustine grasses are considered warm-season grasses that will tolerate heat and dry climates.
Best Planting Times for Lawn Seeding
The best time to seed the lawn is in the early fall, when the weeds are less active and the cool moist weather gives the grass time to establish before the first frost. You can also plant a lawn successfully in the spring--just pay special attention to invasive weeds.
Planting Lawn Seed
Mix half of the chosen lawn seed varieties together in the hopper of a mechanical spreader and apply it to the lawn in one direction. Apply the other half of the seed by going over the lawn again, at right angles to the first application.
Rake the soil lightly so that the seeds are covered. If a lawn roller is available, go over the lawn once to make sure that all of the seeds come in contact with the soil. Thoroughly water the entire area with a light spray. Water the new lawn daily for three weeks after the grass seed germinates. When the grass has reached a height of 2 to 2 1/2 inches high, mow it to a height of 1 1/2 to 2 inches.