Figs are teardrop-shaped fruits that come in shades of brown, purple, and green. Unlike most fruits, which are the ripened ovary of the plant, the fig is actually an inverted flower, with both male and female flower parts trapped inside the fruit's skin.
Fig trees are grown in coastal climates that provide the necessary heat and humidity. In Europe, they are found in Greece, and in the United States, they are found in Texas, California and Florida. A new fig tree can be grown from the cutting of an existing healthy fig tree.
Examine an existing fig tree during its dormant stage (winter). Look for a branch that is at least 12 inches long and less than 1 inch in diameter. The branch must be woody, and the bottom of the branch should include wood that is 2 years old at the base and 1 year old at the top.
Use gardening shears to make a clean cut across the branch that you chose. If your shears are not sharp, sharpen them or buy new ones. A clean cut is essential to preserving the health of the existing plant.
Dip the cut end of the cutting into rooting hormone, and shake off the excess. Leave the branch alone for one full week. Set the cutting in an area that is humid, with a temperature of 50 to 60 degrees F. If the area is not humid enough, supplement with daily mistings with a spray bottle filled with filtered water.
Plant the fig tree cutting after it has rested for a week. Plant directly into the ground or into a container. Water the soil around the cutting immediately to allow the trapped oxygen bubbles to work their way out of the soil. Keep the soil moist--but not soggy--for at least 3 weeks, while the cutting develops new roots. Thereafter, water the fig tree sapling when the top two inches of soil are dry to the touch.