Virginia, like many of the Southern states, possesses a humid, warm climate perfect for the growth of a variety of plants. The soil quality in Virginia varies from region to region from black and humus-rich to sandy and lacking in nutrients. Growing vegetables in the state makes a variety of crops available to the home grower regardless of the soil type.
Choose a spot in your yard for which you will be using as a vegetable garden. A 5-by-8-foot plot of land is more than suitable enough for an ordinary home gardener. Optimize your crop potential by choosing a spot that allows some parts full sunlight and partial shade in other areas.
Turn the earth in the area you are choosing as your garden. Chop at the ground using a garden hoe to break it apart and make it easily workable for planting crops.
Treat the area of the ground with equal amounts of potting soil and peat, or sphagnum, moss. For a standard 5-by-8-foot plot of land, use approximately 20 pounds of each, spreading it evenly over the entire area of the garden.
Use the hoe to mix the peat moss, potting soil and ground soil together evenly. The end result should be a light, fluffy dark colored soil.
Drag a garden rake over the surface of the garden to level it.
Plant sun-loving vegetables such as cucumbers, tomatoes and squash in the parts of the garden that receive the most sunlight during the day. To shield some parts of the garden, plant a row or two of corn, which grows tall and works as a sun and windbreaker for shade-thriving vegetables.
Plant shade-loving vegetables such as carrots, turnips, onions and yams along the edges of corn plants.
Keep the garden well-watered by providing approximately three gallons of water per square foot of garden space every three days. During the rainy seasons in Virginia, decrease the frequency to once a week.