Pecan trees in Georgia account for 50 percent of the total production of pecans in the United States, according to the University of Florida IFAS Extension. Of the 500 varieties of pecan trees that exist, particular cultivars thrive in Georgia, producing a diverse selection of pecan nuts. Pecan trees grow up to 60 feet tall with a 40-foot spread, thrive in well-drained, alluvial soil and prefer full sun with tolerance to partial shade.
Cape Fear pecan trees in Georgia are an offspring of the Schley pecan tree, according to the Georgia Pecan Commission. Cape Fear's shell is made up of dark stripes with kernels in a cream to golden brown color. The pecans of this tree are considered a prolific nut, are ready for harvest early in the season and have a fair resistance to scab disease.
Desirable is one of the earliest varieties of pecan trees in Georgia developed from a controlled crossbreeding, according to the Georgia Pecan Commission. Desirable's pecan nuts are large with a medium-thick shell. Appropriate for roasting, this cultivar's nuts maintain original color. According to the University of Florida IFAS Extension, the kernels of the Desirable pecan tree nuts display a light color, and the tree itself is one of the most consistent cultivars in production within Georgia. Desirable pecan trees harvest during mid to late season and have poor scab resistance.
Stuart pecan trees in Georgia are a widely planted cultivar with medium to large nuts. Stuart pecan nuts display an oblong shape with one basal end. The nutshells of this variety are moderately thick with average-colored kernels, according to the University of Florida IFAS Extension. The Georgia Pecan Commission says the Stuart is an established, dominant variety in the United States pecan industry. Stuart pecan trees harvest mid-season and have fair scab resistance.
Sumner is a pecan tree in Georgia with nuts that have a thin, glossy, oblong shell in light brown with black markings. The shell also has a characteristic crease at its apex, according to the Georgia Pecan Commission. Sometimes referred to as "jumbo schley" nuts, Sumner pecan trees produce prolific, large, dark-hued nuts. This pecan tree cultivar harvests late in the season and has good scab resistance.