There are several unbeatable reasons for growing veggies at home. The vegetables grown in your backyard garden are often fresher than those found in your supermarket's produce aisles. You also have complete control over what chemicals, if any, you use in your garden. Though the growing needs of your garden will vary widely according to the type of vegetables you're raising, several management tactics can help boost your vegetable growth regardless of the species.
Choose a gardening area that receives the appropriate amount of sunlight. Most vegetables require medium to full sunshine, such as corn and tomatoes. Other types of vegetables, like some kale and lettuce varieties, require more shady environments. For the best results, choose a sunny gardening area to appeal to the most types of garden vegetables, and only grow vegetables that do well with the amount of light your garden receives.
Break up the soil. Most vegetables need loose, well-drained soil to achieve their maximum growth potential. If you have heavy clay soil or loose sandy soil, stir in generous amounts of organic material--aged compost, prepared cow manure or shredded bark are prime candidates--until the soil reaches the texture you want.
Feed the vegetables. Use a standard garden fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 granules, to boost the nutrient content of the soil and give your plants all the energy and food they need to grow quickly and produce healthy amounts of fruit.
Mulch around your vegetables. The benefits of mulch are twofold. It helps the soil retain moisture, thereby keeping your plants' roots hydrated, and also slowly decomposes, leaching nutrients and organic content into the dirt.
Give your vegetables the correct amount of water. Some plant species, like corn, do well with sporadic watering, while other plant species, such as lettuce and tomatoes, are extremely thirsty and need twice daily watering. Watering too much or too little can kill your plant.