Knowing a plant's care and growing requirements is important. If the soil you plant a cactus in is waterlogged, its roots will rot and kill the plant. The same is true of improper lighting and incorrect soil pH. Knowing the very basics of plant care will help to make your first gardening endeavor as successful as possible. Without this knowledge, many flowers and trees can perish in short order.
Each plant species has differing light and water requirements. While there are some plants that can take shady and sunny areas, many others require one growing condition. When a plant that needs a shady, moist locale is planted in a dry, sunny area, its foliage will usually burn.
Plants that require sharp drainage and full sun, such as cacti, will develop root rot and mildew problems in damp areas. Lighting problems are improved by taking out overhanging brush or shading the area with trees and shade cloths.
Soil is one of the most important aspects to consider when planting. When various soils are carefully combined, a specialized planting medium is achieved. This will allow growers to create just the right substrate for any type of plant available.
Why People Plant Flowers
Gardening can be a way of respecting your heritage, with certain plants having been passed down for generations. Herbalists (people who use plants for healing) may grow various plant species to treat illness and other ailments. Flowers are also grown for the enjoyment they bring gardeners.
Insects and Diseases
Most plants have at least one disease or insect pest. Keeping up to date on the best methods for treating plant sickness and pests will help make for healthy gardens. Some insects that can attack plants are aphids, scale, mites and whiteflies. Other problems and diseases can include blight, fungus, injury and hereditary weaknesses.
What Not to Plant
Invasive species wreak havoc on the ecosystems around them. When planning a garden and purchasing plants for it, it is important to research each species before planting. Diseased flowers can spread whatever they have to the plants around them. Checking each flower carefully before buying will help prevent future problems.
Where to Acquire Flowers
A good resource in finding local and out of town nurseries is by checking your local phone book. Neighbors, friends and family are also a great place for getting plants. Many gardeners, even total strangers, are quite willing to share their success in the way of cuttings, seeds, offsets and even full sized plants. It never hurts to ask.