Chile pepper seeds may be gathered and stored in order to be planted during a future growing season. If you have the desire to raise your own peppers or want to reproduce a prosperous harvest, consider retaining the seeds from a store-bought chile or one that you have recently grown. Fortunately, chillies are one of the easiest vegetables from which to save the seeds, and you only need a few household items to keep your own pepper seeds successfully.
Select a store-bought pepper with no blemishes or discolorations. Alternately, if you are keeping seeds from your own pepper plants, wait until the end of the growing season and select a specimen that is mature and slightly wrinkled.
Cut open your pepper and scrape out the seeds inside. Rinse the seeds in water to remove any plant debris if needed.
Place the seeds on a paper towel until they dry out.
Write down the name of your pepper on an envelope and include the chile variety, such as "chocolate habanero," and the current date.
Seal the envelope completely so that no seeds escape and drop it into a jar with a lid. Screw on the lid tightly so that air is not allowed inside.
Place your seeds in a cool environment, such as a refrigerator, until you want to use them. Pepper seeds are generally viable for one to two years.