How to Keep Pepper Seeds


Chile pepper seeds may be gathered and stored in order to be planted during a future growing season. If you have the desire to raise your own peppers or want to reproduce a prosperous harvest, consider retaining the seeds from a store-bought chile or one that you have recently grown. Fortunately, chillies are one of the easiest vegetables from which to save the seeds, and you only need a few household items to keep your own pepper seeds successfully.

Step 1

Select a store-bought pepper with no blemishes or discolorations. Alternately, if you are keeping seeds from your own pepper plants, wait until the end of the growing season and select a specimen that is mature and slightly wrinkled.

Step 2

Cut open your pepper and scrape out the seeds inside. Rinse the seeds in water to remove any plant debris if needed.

Step 3

Place the seeds on a paper towel until they dry out.

Step 4

Write down the name of your pepper on an envelope and include the chile variety, such as "chocolate habanero," and the current date.

Step 5

Seal the envelope completely so that no seeds escape and drop it into a jar with a lid. Screw on the lid tightly so that air is not allowed inside.

Step 6

Place your seeds in a cool environment, such as a refrigerator, until you want to use them. Pepper seeds are generally viable for one to two years.

Things You'll Need

  • Pepper
  • Knife
  • Paper towel
  • Pen
  • Envelope
  • Jar with lid
  • Refrigerator


  • University of Minnesota Extension: Saving Vegetables Seeds: Tomatoes, Peppers, Peas and Beans
  • Oregon State University: Collecting and Storing Seeds from Your Garden

Who Can Help

  • Growing Chilli Peppers
  • New Mexico State University: The Chile Pepper Institute
Keywords: chili seeds, storing chile seeds, keeping pepper seeds

About this Author

Jenny Glass has been writing professionally since 2001 and is a glass artist with a Web design and technical writing background. In addition to writing for Demand Studios, she has been a contributor to "Glass Line Magazine" and runs her own art glass business.