For logging, aesthetic, development or safety reasons, trees and tree branches sometimes need to be cut down. Cutters often have to climb to greater heights to cut down tree branches, which can put them at risk of dangerous falls. Also, obviously, falling trees can be a hazard to the cutter and to nearby structures and vehicles. You'll need to follow careful procedures to prevent injury and death.
Anyone who trims or cuts trees from their canopies runs the risk of falling, which can lead to injury or death. Cutters working near power lines can potentially be electrocuted. Tree cutting equipment can be very loud and can seriously injure their users. Trees or branches can fall on to the cutter or someone nearby. In general, anyone cutting a tree should inform all in the vicinity that they are going to start cutting so that everyone is prepared. Warning signs should be set up so that no one enters into the danger zone.
You'll need to establish a stable platform if you need to cut from a height. The safest way is to use a bucket truck or an aerial lift. Ladders can be used, but these ladders should be tied to a tree. Fall arrest harnesses can be attached to the tree in order to prevent falls. Old-fashioned rope systems, ccording to Ohio State University, are unstable and can potentially be cut by the chainsaw or other tree cutting instruments. Those who use the ropes also typically suffer from fatigue.
You should stay at least 10 feet away from power lines, if possible, if you need to cut in an urban area..
Falling Trees and Branches
Falling trees and branches can be guided using control lines, which wrap around the trunk or branch and pull the falling wood in the right direction. Still, falling branches and trunks are somewhat unpredictable and all workers should have a direction to run if the trunk starts to fall towards them. They should not be so crowded together that someone gets trapped in the event of a falling trunk or branch. Ideally, people should keep twice the distance of the length of the tree between themselves and the cutting area.
Protective equipment should be worn including a hard hat, hearing protection, goggles, fluorescent vests, cut-resistant trousers and safety boots.